January 20, 2017; January 16, 2018

January 20, 2017:
On November 9, 2016 at 2:40 am, it was determined that Donald John Trump won the 2016 Presidential Election and would become the 45th President of the United States and Michael Richard Pence would become the 48th Vice President of the United States.

President Trump received more than the required (270) of Electoral Votes at 304 and Hillary Clinton received (227). The other 5 were split between John Kasich (1-TX), Ron Paul (1-TX), Colin Powell (3-WA) and Faith Spotted Eagle (1-WA).

However the popular vote went to Hillary Clinton with 65,853,516 and Donald Trump received 62,984,825.
For official data check: https://transition.fec.gov/pubrec/fe2016/2016presgeresults.pdf

Electoral College versus Popular Vote has been a point of contention, but remember:

  • Senators are elected by popular vote (before the Seventeenth Amendment was adopted in 1913, Senators were chosen by State Legislatures).
  • Members of the House of Representatives are elected by popular vote.
  • Justices of the Supreme Court are Nominated and for the most part are Confirmed by the Senate.
  • Governors of each state are elected by popular vote.
  • On the local level various officials are either appointed, or elected by popular vote or other means. I don’t know if flipping a coin or rolling a die was ever officially used.

It was the peaceful changing of the guard … relatively speaking.

Trump 2016, Murphy 2017, 2018?

Donald Trump was elected President in 2016 and inaugurated in 2017. New Jersey had 10 months of President Trump and elected Phil Murphy at the end of 2017 and his inauguration is today. Now, what is behind the door for New Jersey in 2018?

January 16, 2018:
On November 7, 2017 shortly after 8:00 pm, Philip Dunton Murphy was declared the winner of the New Jersey Gubernatorial Election and would become the 56th Governor of New Jersey and Sheila Y. Oliver would become the 2nd Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey.

The results were 1,203,100 votes for Phil Murphy and 899,583 votes for Kim Guadagno.

Just a coincidence?:
Since the 1988 Presidential Election, the election of a new President of the United States has been followed by the election of the Governor of New Jersey for the opposite party (assuming a mostly two party system of Democrats and Republicans) 10 months later. Is this a coincidence or just balance?

Below are Presidential Election Years with New Jersey Gubernatorial Elections and other events indented.

1988 November 8: US Election: George Herbert Walker Bush

  • 1989 January 20: US Inauguration: George Herbert Walker Bush (41st President – Republican – Single Term)
  • 1989 November 7: NJ Election: James Joseph Florio
  • 1990 January 16: NJ Inauguration: James Joseph Florio (49th Governor – Democrat – Single Term)

1992 November 3: US Election: William Jefferson Clinton

  • 1993 January 20: US Inauguration: William Jefferson Clinton (42nd President – Democrat – First Term)
  • 1993 November 2: NJ Election: Christine Todd Whitman
  • 1994 January 18: NJ Election: Christine Todd Whitman (50th Governor – Republican – First Term)

1996 November : US Election: William Jefferson Clinton

  • 1997 January 20: US Inauguration: William Jefferson Clinton (42nd President – Democrat – Second Term)
  • 1997 November 4: NJ Election: Christine Todd Whitman
  • 1998 January 20: Christine Todd Whitman (50th Governor – Republican – Second Term = 1/5th)

2000 November 7: US Election: George Walker Bush

  • 2001 January 20: US Inauguration: George W. Bush (43rd President – Republican – First Term)
  • This is where it gets crazy.
  • 2001 January 31: Christine Todd Whitman resigns to become 9th Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
  • 2001 January 31: Donald Thomas DiFrancesco (“51st” Governor – President of State Senate – Republican – “1/5 Term” (342 days))
  • 2001 November 6: NJ Election: James Edward McGreevey (See 5 points down)
  • 2002 January 8 at 12:00 pm: John J. Farmer Jr. (Acting Governor – Attorney General – Republican “1/5 Term” (90 minutes))
  • 2002 January 8 at 1:30 pm: John O. Bennett III  (Acting Governor – Republican – “1/5 Term” (4 days))
  • 2002 January 12: Richard James Codey (Acting Governor – Democrat – “1/5 Term” (3 days))
  • 2002 January 15: NJ Inauguration: James Edward McGreevey (52nd Governor – Democrat – “1/2 Term”)
  • 2004 August 12: James Edward McGreevey (announces resignation)

Time out: Why “1/5 Term” according to Wikipedia? … It’s the number of people, not literal fraction, count them:

  1. Whitman: 1107 days (1107/1453 Term)
  2. DiFrancesco: 342 days (342/1453 Term)
  3. Farmer: 90 minutes (1/23248 Term)
  4. Bennett: 3 days 22 hours 30 minutes (87/23248 Term)
  5. Codey: 3 days (3/1453 Term)

2004 November 2: US Election: George Walker Bush

  • It’s still kind of crazy.
  • 2004 November 15: James Edward McGreevey (resignation takes effect)
  • 2004 November 15: Richard James Codey (53nd Governor – President of State Senate – Democrat – “1/2 Term”)
  • 2005 January 20: US Inauguration: George W. Bush (43rd President – Republican – Second Term)
  • 2005 November 8: NJ Election: Jon Stevens Corzine
  • 2006 January 17: NJ Inauguration: Jon Stevens Corzine (54th Governor – Democrat – Single Term)

2008 November 4: US Election: Barack Hussein Obama

  • 2009 January 20: US Inauguration: Barack Hussein Obama (44th President – Democrat – First Term)
  • 2009 November 3: NJ Election: Christopher James Christie
  • 2010 January 19: NJ Inauguration: Christopher James Christie (55th Governor – Republican – First Term)

2012 November 6: US Election: Barack Hussein Obama

  • 2013 January 20: US Inauguration: Barack Hussein Obama (44th President – Democrat – Second Term)
  • 2013 November 5: NJ Election: Christopher James Christie
  • 2014 January 21: NJ Inauguration: Christopher James Christie (55th Governor – Republican – Second Term)

2016 November 8: US Election: Donald John Trump

  • 2017 January 20: US Inauguration: Donald John Trump (45th President – Republican – First* Term)
  • 2017 November 7: NJ Election: Philip Dunton Murphy
  • 2018 January 16: NJ Inauguration: Philip Dunton Murphy (56th Governor – Democrat – First* Term)

2020 November 3: US Election: TBD

  • 2021 November 2: NJ Election: TBD

This is post 6 of my alphabet posts.

GIS Day 2017

Geographic Information Systems

Preface:
Go to http://www.gisday.org/ to read more about GIS Day.

Geoinformatics:

Where am I? Where am I going? What was / is / will be there? Can you help me?

First you need input.
That can be from a land survey which refers to another land survey… which refers to another land survey… which refers to another land survey…
You could get soil samples. I recently had to have a new well installed. In order to figure how deep to place the submerged pump, Hoover had to get beyond the high iron levels.
Here is the sample:

Soil Samples

January 17, 2015 at 7:19:38 am EST

Top Row:
10: Gravel.
20: More gravel and small pebbles.
25^: Loads of pebbles (clear Cape May Diamond types, white, pink, tan). Beautiful, if you ask me.
30: Sand (1 mm diameter) high iron content.
40: Sand with iron (getting finer).
50: Sand still getting finer.
Middle Row:
60: This almost looks like beach sand.
70: Grey sand (now that’s different).
80: Grey sand.
90: Grey sand.
100: Now we’re talking, it’s getting darker.
Bottom Row:
110: Still darker (more organic).
120: Still darker (more organic).
130: Still darker (more organic).
140: Still darker (more organic).
150: Now that’s almost black (rich organic, no iron).
Little one: Material used to hold pipe in place.

Then you need storage.
Physical storage for maps, photographs, deed books, core samples of soil, rock or ice.
Digital storage going back to magnetic tape, CDs or to today a multi Terabyte server farm.
I need to get a drawer for large maps.

Then you need to process the information.
Usually a person, computer and or both.

Then you need output.
Create a map by hand or digitally.  or computer application.

Millville, New Jersey Topographic Map derived from ESRI elevation .shp files.

Then you need to share that information.
Locals to New Jersey check this website: http://www.nj.gov/dep/gis/
Go to NJ-Web Geo 3.0.
If you scroll down to the layers of imagery, you can see topographic maps from the 1880’s and 1960’s with modifications, aerial photographs from 1930, NJDEP wetlands basemaps from 1970, tidal maps from 1977, infrared from 1995, 2002 and 2007. Then more images have been collected at a faster pace natural for 2007, 2010, infrared for 2012, then natural for 2012, 2013, 2015 and infrared for 2015.
Google Earth, Google Maps, Bing, Mapquest, ESRI, too many to count.
To see how many, check this link from checking the latitude and longitude of Millville, New Jersey from Wikipedia.
https://tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Millville,_New_Jersey&params=39.390094_N_-75.054797_E_region:US_type:city
At this point, Google Maps and other maps are collaborative, so people and businesses can verify information (with some error) and provide photographs.
If you take a picture of a landmark with a new digital camera or a smartphones, the photograph will include embedded date, time and location including orientation.

Interstate Highway System:
In the United States, we have a system of roads that run from coast to coast, from Mexico to Canada, and between major cities.
I just wanted to create headings of G, I and S.
U.S. Department of Transportation: Federal Highway Administration: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/

Spatial Intelligence:
Spatial Intelligence involves layers of multiple data sets based on location or time.
You can create a map that has applications that connect business, education, other industries and organizations.

Check ESRI for other GIS information software and training: https://www.esri.com/en-us/home

As with many of my posts, I will be editing to correct or enhance my blog.

This is post 3 of my alphabet posts.

Act Boldly. Change Deliberately.
Educate Frequently.
GIS Day 2017.